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The sustainable development consequences of IMF debt vs. capital control: comparing progress in GPI and GDP terms for Korea and Malaysia

Mohamad, Azhar and Hashim, Mastura and Sifat, Imtiaz Mohamma (2019) The sustainable development consequences of IMF debt vs. capital control: comparing progress in GPI and GDP terms for Korea and Malaysia. Journal of Cleaner Production, 234 (1). pp. 725-742. ISSN 0959-6526

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Abstract

The panic wrought by the 1997 Asian financial crisis spurred different mitigative measures. Some states assented to IMF bailout and restructuring, while others enforced capital control. Since then, despite intense academic and regulatory scrutiny of the nuances of the recession, empiric focus on recovery trajectory of affected countries centred chiefly around traditional GDP metrics; an approach that disregards economic performance in a manner congruent with Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). In this paper, we adopt a broader SDG-compatible approach by tracking two affected countries’ (Korea and Malaysia) recovery via operationalizing an alternative growth indicator GPI (Genuine Progress Indicator). First, we construct a 35-year long GPI index from 1980 to 2014 and employ the Solow Growth Model to measure the impact of the two remedial measures on GDP and GPI of both countries. Employing an ARDL approach, we find external debt to impact significantly the GDP and GPI of Korea. Meanwhile for Malaysia, the controversial capital control failed to register significant impact. Moreover, unemployment rates, trade openness, fixed capital formation and the history of previous crises are found to be influential determinants of GDP and GPI, with credit and exchange rate variables showing ambiguous results.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3334/73404
Uncontrolled Keywords: Capital controls, GDP, GPI. Asian financial crisis, Economic growth, Sustainable development
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory > HB846 Welfare theory
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Finance
Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences
Depositing User: Dr Azhar Mohamad
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2019 08:49
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2019 09:08
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/73404

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