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Body weight perception and physical activity level among late adolescents in Kuantan, Pahang : a cross-sectional study

Abd Rahman, Mohd Aizuddin and Jamani, Nurjasmine Aida and Said, Abdul Hadi and Abd. Aziz, Karimah Hanim (2019) Body weight perception and physical activity level among late adolescents in Kuantan, Pahang : a cross-sectional study. Malaysian Family Physician, 14 (Supplement 2). p. 15. ISSN 1985207X E-ISSN 19852274

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Abstract

Background: Body weight perception is an important underlying psychological factor associated with body weight. Overemphasis on thinness among adolescents can lead to unhealthy dieting practices, whereas underestimation of body weight may increase risk of the development of obesity. Physical activity thought to be related to body weight perception as misperception of body image can lead to either physical inactivity or physical over activity. Objectives: This study measured the association between body weight perception and physical activity level as well as relationship between physical activity levels with sociodemographic profile among late adolescents in Kuantan, Pahang. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April to October 2018 among 479 adolescents from seven higher learning institutions in Kuantan; aged 17-19 years old. Weight and height were measured and BMI was calculated. A validated, self-administered questionnaires; Figure Rating Scale (FRS) and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) were used. Chi-square test was used to test the relationship between body weight perception and physical activity level. Logistic regression was employed to examine the association among physical activity level and socio-demographic variables. Results: Majority of the real overweight participants correctly perceived themselves as overweight (69.6%), whilst almost half of actual obese respondents did not see themselves as obese (45.2%). Most of the perceived overweight/obese respondents were practicing high physical activity level (34.9%).Smokers were 60 percent less physically active than non-smoker (aOR 0.39, 95% CI 0.19-0.78). Male gender was 2.46 times more active than female (aOR 2.46, 95% CI 1.55-3.92). No statistical significant association seen between body weight perception and physical activity level (χ2 0.56, p 0.76). Conclusion: Study results showed that perceiving weight as being overweight or obese regardless of concordant was not determinant of physical activity level. However, health education in terms of active physical activity and healthy eating habit should be emphasized among late adolescents.

Item Type: Article (Meeting Abstract)
Additional Information: 7727/73212
Uncontrolled Keywords: Body weight perception; Physical activity level; Late adolescents;
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Family Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Depositing User: Dr Nurjasmine Aida Jamani
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2019 15:55
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2019 16:25
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/73212

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