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Biomaterials application in orthopaedics

Zulkifly, Ahmad Hafiz (2018) Biomaterials application in orthopaedics. Regenerative Research, 7 (1 Special Issue). p. 1. E-ISSN 2232-0822

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Biomaterials technology progress has led to tremendous advances of its application for tissue and bone replacement. The aim of biomaterials application is for bone and tissue reparation purposes and it leads to better quality life. In Orthopaedics, it is applied for osteosynthesis, spine implant, join replacement oncology, vamatology etc. The common types of biomaterials mainly used as orthopaedic implant arc metals, ceramics and polymers. Currently we have resistant materials to replace bones, and elastic materials capable to act as soft tissue substitutes. Stainless steels, commercially pure titanium, titanium base alloys, cobalt chrome alloys, polyethylene or methyl-mcthacrylatc are essential items in orthopaedic surgery and traumatology, Metal mostly used for plates, nails, internal and external fixators. Ceramic is applied for porous coating, drug delivery system and reparation materials for bone. Each of the component have their own advantages and disadvantages. Intelligent biomaterials are another emerging possibility. Biocompatibility of the biomaterials is observed as prevention of the toxicity effect to host cells. However, complication such as infection, allergy, corrosion and implant failure cases are still a common problem in orthopaedic field. Several innovations such as tissue engineering, surface modification and nanotechnology had been discovered for better quality of implant material. In conclusion, biomaterials are an essential part of daily implant used by the orthopaedic surgeons to treat patients.

Item Type: Article (Meeting Abstract)
Additional Information: 2397/72658
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomaterials, application, Orthopaedic
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery > RD701 Orthopedics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Department of Orthopaedics, Traumatology & Rehabilitation
Kulliyyah of Medicine
Depositing User: Prof Dr Ahmad Hafiz Zulkifly
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2019 16:13
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2019 16:13
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/72658

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