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Stability investigation of water based exfoliated graphene nanofluids

Arifutzzaman, A. and Ismail, Ahmad Faris and Yaacob, Iskandar Idris and Alam, Md Zahangir and Khan, Ahsan Ali (2019) Stability investigation of water based exfoliated graphene nanofluids. In: 4th International Conference on Mechanical, Automotive and Aerospace Engineering (ICMAAE 2018), 19th-20th September 2018, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Abstract

Until now stability is a crucial technical challenge to prepare a homogeneous dispersion. The main purpose of this work is to experimentally investigate the suspension stability of the exfoliated Graphene (Gr) suspension in deionized water (DW) (Gr/DW). Five different samples were prepared by varying the exfoliated Gr volume fraction from 0.11 to 0.30 % in deionized water. For the observation of sedimentation photo capturing was used as a primary technique. Finally stability of the exfoliated Gr/DW nanofluids were monitored quantitatively with the aid of optical absorbance measurements using ultra violet-visible absorbance spectroscopy. The wavelength range of light was varied from 200 to 800 nm. Digital photographs of Gr/DW nanofluid samples after preparation of about 25 days shown homogeneous and visibly there was no sedimentation in the suspensions. The peak absorbance of Gr/DW nanofluids was appeared at the wavelength of 280 nm. For a certain volume fraction, absorbance was decreased monotonically with the increasing wavelength. The relative concentration of the Gr/DW samples was decreased due to slight agglomeration by the increasing concentration of precipitation with time. After 600 hours (~25 days), the lowest and maximum precipitation rate were appeared ~ 6 and ~ 10 % for the Gr/DW samples with the volume fraction of 0.11 and 0.30 % respectively. Different amount of exfoliated Gr loading affect the rate of sedimentations of exfoliated Gr/DW nanofluids.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 6524/72442
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aerospace engineering, Automobile suspensions, Graphene, Nano fluidics, Sedimentation, Stability, Volume fraction
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Iskandar Idris Yaacob
Date Deposited: 31 May 2019 09:45
Last Modified: 31 May 2019 11:06
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/72442

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