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Tropical environmentalism of the ‘Malayu’ public realm-A reconstruction of traditional urban climatic ‘sanctuaries’

Jahn Kassim, Puteri Shireen and Ibrahim, Illyani and Kamaruddin, Kamariah and Salleh, Elias and Mohd Nawawi, Norwina (2018) Tropical environmentalism of the ‘Malayu’ public realm-A reconstruction of traditional urban climatic ‘sanctuaries’. Journal of Built Environment, Technology and Engineering, 5. pp. 21-33.

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Abstract

The ‘Malay kedatuan’ refers to the traditional administrative centres of the Malay world which represent the public realm of a socio-cultural urbanized realm of the past. 16th century Melaka, 18th century Kedah, Terengganu and Riau-Lingga centres had at one time, constituted Sultanate-centered urban configurations, which now exist only in partial reconstructions, documents, lithographs and models. Surviving forms include Alor Setar, parts of Kota Bahru and Kuala Kangsar (Malaysia) and Pontianak, Kalimantan. ‘Archetypical’ refer to recurring generic configurations in which palaces, key buildings, were sited close to each other concerning river and sea. These sanctuaries embody key bioclimatic principles characterising the age-old ‘climatic fit’ of the Malay house, which were also reflected in such archetypes, which remain less discussed in the field of urban design. The traditional Malay public realm had mainly centred around palaces, and represent the axis of life during traditional times. These have now undergone extensive postcolonial layering. The paper reports on a reconstruction process which attempts to reconstruct the ‘vernacular’ including building and urban spaces, to learn from past traditional archetypes that have approximated the ideal tropical city, which utilised ecological resources to characterise urban spaces and had achieved comfort conditions through key passive means and key environmental features, such orientation, urban configurations, pathways, public space, shaded spaces and bioclimatic architecture. The paper highlights these features as lessons towards low carbon strategies.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2521/72400
Uncontrolled Keywords: sustainable city, urban comfort, vernacular model, urban tropical, the Malay urban form
Subjects: N Fine Arts > N Visual arts (General) For photography, see TR
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA4100 Special classes of buildings
T Technology > TH Building construction > TH4021 Buildings. Construction with reference to use.
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design
Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Applied Arts and Design
Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Architecture
Depositing User: Dr puteri shireen jahnkassim
Date Deposited: 29 May 2019 15:39
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2019 10:06
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/72400

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