IIUM Repository

Consensus among healthcare stakeholders on a collaborative medication therapy management model for chronic diseases in Malaysia; a Delphi study

Mubarak, Naeem and Md Hatah, Ernieda and Md Aris, Mohd Aznan and Shafie, Asrul Akmal and Zin, Che Suraya (2019) Consensus among healthcare stakeholders on a collaborative medication therapy management model for chronic diseases in Malaysia; a Delphi study. PLoS ONE, 14 (5). pp. 1-28.

PDF - Published Version
Download (1MB) | Preview
PDF (SCOPUS) - Supplemental Material
Download (661kB) | Preview
Download (118kB) | Preview


1.1 Background The general problem is lack of inter-professional collaboration and the way private primary care responds to manage chronic diseases in Malaysia. Absence of prescription review, inadequate patient education, the highest percentage of prescribing errors and half of the chronic disease patients are nonadherent. Medicines are the most common and life long used interventions in chronic diseases. Hence, the need to manage medicine in chronic diseases becomes obligatory. As both general practitioner and community pharmacist can dispense medications, this has resulted in a business rivalry. There is a need to build consensus among various healthcare stakeholders for a collaborative medication therapy management model (CMTM) where community pharmacist has an active role in chronic care. 1.2 Method This study utilized modified e-Delphi method to build consensus. A validated e-Delphi survey was administered to a purposive sample of 29 experts. Consensus was pre-defined to be the point where >85% of the experts fall in either agree or strongly agree category for each statement. The inter-expert agreement was computed in both rounds using Intra-class correlation coefficient and Kendall's W. Delphi operates in an iterative fashion till there comes stability in responses. At the end of each round, experts were provided aggregate response, their own response and choice to change their response in the light of aggregate response. 1.3 Results Response rate was 70.73% and 100% in 1st and 2nd round, respectively. Consensus was achieved on 119/132 statements which mainly referred to the need, structural and regulatory aspects of CMTM model in Malaysia. However, there were some flashpoints on dispensing separation and means to finance this model. Stability in response of experts was achieved after 2nd round; hence, no next round was executed. 1.4 Conclusion Overall, the study findings witnessed the expert panel’s support for the CMTM model. Study helped to sketch CMTM model and facilitated development of some recommendations to the authorities which may help to formulate a policy to bring CPs under a working relationship with GPs. Hence, this study should be taken as a call for redefining of the roles of CPs and GPs in Malaysia

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4632/72015
Uncontrolled Keywords: community pharmacist, general practitioner, medicine management, medication therapy management, chronic disease, inter-professional collaboration, collaborative care, team-based care, Delphi method, Malaysia.
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM147 Administration of Drugs and Other Therapeutic Agents
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: Prof Dr Che Suraya Mohd Zin
Date Deposited: 08 May 2019 11:39
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2022 15:04
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/72015

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year