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China’s One Belt One Road (OBOR) initiative and the Muslim world

Rabeya, Sumaiya and Hossain, Ishtiaq (2019) China’s One Belt One Road (OBOR) initiative and the Muslim world. The Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, 44 (Nos. 1 & 2 (Spring-Summer)). pp. 3-38. ISSN 0278-839X

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Abstract

Ever since President Xi Jinping assumed the office of president of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in March 2013, Beijing has followed an active foreign policy, abandoning President Hu Jintao’s (2003-2013) “low profile” foreign policy. Under President Xi’s leadership, in addition to claiming full sovereignty over the disputed islands in the South China Sea, and, as part of building good relationship with its neighbours, Beijing has been pursuing a new policy of improving and developing close economic and trade relationship with the neighbouring countries. The One Belt, One Road (OBOR) policy initiative is at the centre of that policy. OBOR revives the ancient Silk Route, a vast and ancient network of trade routes linking China’s merchants with those of Central Asia, the Middle East, Africa and Europe. The modern OBOR connects Muslim-majority states in Central Asia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Indonesia and others as China openingg up new trading opportunities. The Maritime Silk Route connects China with Malaysia and Indonesia. It is likely that OBOR would play a key role in the development of China’s economic and political relations with members of the Muslim world. Through document and thematic analysis, this paper seeks to discuss the One Belt One Road initiative, its origin, structure and scope and also provide a historical background. This paper will further explain the influence of Islam on the ancient Silk Road that the OBOR is inspired from and the response of the Muslim world, in particular,Malaysia, Pakistan and Bangladesh to OBOR.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3957/71632
Uncontrolled Keywords: One Belt, One Road (OBOR), China, Muslim world, Malaysia, Pakistan, Bangladesh
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Political Science
Depositing User: Dr. Ishtiaq Hossain
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2019 14:21
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2019 11:46
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/71632

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