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Using legal tools in achieving social justice and peace: a look at the experience of Malaysia

Shuaib, Farid Sufian (2018) Using legal tools in achieving social justice and peace: a look at the experience of Malaysia. In: 7th International Conference on Acheh and Indian Ocean Studies (ICAIOS) in conjunction with the 2nd Ar-Raniry International Conference on Islamic Studies, Islam and Social Justice: Towards Sustainable Peace in Regional and Global Contexts, 7th-9th August 2018, Banda Aceh, Aceh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Social justice is distribution of society’s advantages and disadvantages. It is the sharing of burdens and opportunities of members in a community. It requires consideration of resource equity, fairness and eradication of social oppression. The government may adopt social, political and legal initiatives in achieving social justice. Before and after the independence, Malaya was faced with guerrilla war fought against, among others, the Malayan Communist Party. There were also tensions between the difference races – particularly between the indigenous Malay and the then immigrant community of Chinese and Indian - caused primarily by the divide and rule policy of the colonial British. Faced with these challenges, the constitution for the newly independent Malaya have incorporated several provisions to ensure peaceful co-existence of the various races and followed by enactment of several laws. The creation of larger federation with the inclusion of Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore brought its own challenges to peace and resource sharing and thus requires further refinement of legislative instruments. Recently, with the conclusion of the 14th general election in Malaysia, a new coalition of political parties took power, which is the first time since the independence. The new coalition, Pakatan Harapan, departed from the traditional racial power sharing formula adopted by Barisan Nasional. Some of the policies of the new government with regard to social justice are different from the old government. This paper seeks to look at the legal instruments used to achieve peace, public order and social justice by the old and the new. Others probably could consider some of the experiences of Malaysia in working towards social justice and peace in the regional and global contexts.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Keynote)
Additional Information: 1854/70946
Uncontrolled Keywords: Social Justice, Peace, Malaysia, Constitution
Subjects: J Political Science > JQ Political institutions Asia > JQ715 Politics and Government in Malaysia
K Law > K Law (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws > Department of Civil Law
Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Farid Sufian Shuaib
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2019 09:03
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2019 09:03
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/70946

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