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Sacral tuberculosis :an atypical manifestation

Si Mirah, Faisal Amir and Jasni, Muhammad Jasfizal and Mor Japar Khan, Ed Simor Khan and Karupiah, Rajandra Kumar and Zakaria@Mohamad, Zamzuri (2018) Sacral tuberculosis :an atypical manifestation. In: 6th International MSS Scientific Congress, 3rd-5th August 2018, Hilton, Kuala Lumpur. (Unpublished)

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BACKGROUND Sacral tuberculosis (TB) is extremely rare and its unusual entity might delay the diagnosis and treatment of this treatable disease. REPORT A 38-year-old lady presented with one year history of lower back pain with radiculopathy more to right lower limb. Patient was initially treated as Prolapsed Intervertebral Disc (PID), but showed no improvement despite regular physiotherapy and medication. Subsequently, the pain was con�ned to right gluteal area and became more severe. Quality of life was impaired in which patient started using walking aid and stopped working. There was weight loss of 20kg. No other symptom of TB infection or history of contact with TB patient. Bowel and urinary functions were normal. Examination showed localised tenderness at the right gluteal area. Neurological assessment of both lower limbs were MRC grade 5. Blood investigations were normal including the ESR level (17mm/hour). Mantoux test was positive with 18mm induration. MRI revealed a large rim enhancing paravertebral collection at pre-sacral space which extended into bilateral piriformis and gluteal muscles. Patient underwent CT-guided drainage of both gluteals and specimens taken con�rmed the diagnosis of TB. Patient showed signi�cant improvement clinically within one week after the drainage procedure and initiation of antituberculous chemotherapy. CONCLUSION The initial presentation of this patient mimics PID due to irritation of sciatic nerve at piriformis level. However, a change in the presentation and failure of conservative treatment should raise a high index of suspicion and necessitates further investigation to establish correct diagnosis hence proper treatment can be initiated.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Invited Papers)
Additional Information: 5579/70759
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sacral tuberculosis; An atypical manifestation
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery > RD701 Orthopedics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Department of Orthopaedics, Traumatology & Rehabilitation
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2019 13:42
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2019 13:42
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/70759

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