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Effect of inoculum ratio for anaerobic digestion of hydrolyzed palm oil mill effluent for biogas production

Fazil, Nurul Alia and Alam, Md. Zahangir and Mansor, Mariatul Fadzillah and Azmi, Azlin Suhaida (2018) Effect of inoculum ratio for anaerobic digestion of hydrolyzed palm oil mill effluent for biogas production. In: 5th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2018), 19th-20th September 2018, Kuala Lumpur.

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Abstract

Production of biogas from various organic wastes has been a topic for wastes management and utilization. However, most research focuses more on raw or untreated organic waste, particularly POME than that on hydrolyzed POME. An appropriate ratio of inoculum to include in an anaerobic digester for producing biogas with hydrolyzed POME which has yet to be explored. This study aims to observe the effect of varying inoculum content in an anaerobic digester towards biogas production. Anaerobic sludge as inoculum was added to hydrolyzed and raw POME in ratio 10 to 50% v/v. Produced biogas was collected using liquid replacement method (LRM) and the volume was recorded daily for a duration of 10 days. The HRT was kept constant at 20 days. At 10% inoculum content, within the stable period, the biogas production was within the range of 55 ml to 80 ml daily which was significantly higher than the others with 70 – 77% volume difference. The total volume of biogas produced for 10% inoculum when compared to the same inoculum concentration with raw POME have significant 81.52% higher biogas production. Biogas production was notably better with hydrolyzed POME. Less inoculum utilization for higher biogas production was also obtained with better COD removal.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Invited Papers)
Additional Information: 4157/70577
Uncontrolled Keywords: Inoculum ratio, LRM, Biogas
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Md. Zahangir Alam
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2019 10:56
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2019 10:56
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/70577

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