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The use of effective microorganisms (EM) for pretreatment of wet market wastewater

Shahbuddin, Munira and Raus, Raha Bt. Ahmad and Ramli, Nur Amalina and Adel, Nahla and Jami, Mohammed Saedi and Zainuddin, Zaki (2018) The use of effective microorganisms (EM) for pretreatment of wet market wastewater. In: International Conference Biotechnology Engineering, ICBioE ‘18, 19th-20th September 2018, Kuala Lumpur.

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Nature based solutions have received considerable attention for water and land quality restoration and potential for sustainability management. The use of naturally occurring permaculture of non-pathogenic microorganisms known as Effective Microorganisms (EM) have gain reputation in the past few years in the South East Asia due to its environmental friendly nature. The technology is not new and has been used in agriculture, restoration and rehabilitation of water resources, and animal housekeeping and husbandry for years in countries like Japan and Thailand. The use of chemicals for water treatment has been costly and detrimental to the environment. In this report, we present the results from the use of EM which we developed in our laboratory for the pretreatment of wastewater from Selayang wetmarket in Selangor. We examined the effects of EM use on the water quality based on the parameters of pH, DO, BOD5, COD, TSS and NH3-N. Improvements of the water quality before and after treatment were observed and quantified. It was proven that application of EM, the wastewater quality were reduced to its acceptable standards. Pretreatment with EM reduces expenditure and operational stress of the treatment plant. We also proposed a new design of EM treatment plant with detail specifications for the treatment to optimize the efficiency of EM in treating the wastewater from a wet market.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 5437/70374
Uncontrolled Keywords: Effective microorganisms; wastewater; wet market; sustainability; nature based solution
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA164 Bioengineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Munira Shahbuddin
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2019 09:51
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2019 09:51
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/70374

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