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Lipid production from bioremediation of palm oil mill effluent

Athoillah, Ahdyat Zain and Ahmad, Farah (2018) Lipid production from bioremediation of palm oil mill effluent. In: 5th International Conference Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE ‘18), 19th-20th September 2018, Kuala Lumpur.

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Abstract

Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is a by-product from palm oil production. As a consequence of the boost of palm oil production, POME generation also increases. It can be considered as the harmful waste if it is released without any treatment. Meanwhile, POME contains various types of microorganism and a big proportion of the organic matter. Therefore palm oil mill effluent has the potential to be a source of isolation of novel fungal strains and raw material for low cost lipid production. Oleaginous microorganisms are microorganisms that are able to accumulate more than 20 wt% lipid in its cell body. This study aims to isolate potential oleaginous fungi from POME and to evaluate the ability of lipid production capacity of the purified isolates and three commercial strains (Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus oryzae and Rhizopus spp). POME was converted into lipid via oleaginous fungi for biodiesel production. In this study, two fungal strains were successfully isolated from POME. The isolation was performed by spreading the diluted POME onto potato dextrose agar. Glucose-rich basic media and POME media were used as the source of carbon substrates of these fungal strains. Upon completion of the fermentation, the biomass was then harvested to extract its intracellular lipid. This study provides a basis for microbial oil production by fungi from POME as main feedstock.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 7967/70176
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodiesel; fungi; lipid; palm oil mill effluent; POME
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA164 Bioengineering
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA170 Environmental engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP315 Fuel
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP500 Fermentation industries. Beverages. Alcohol
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP670 Oils, fats, waxes
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Farah Binti Ahmad
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2019 15:49
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2019 11:07
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/70176

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