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Low-temperature-dependent growth of titanium dioxide nanorod arrays in an improved aqueous chemical growth method for photoelectrochemical ultraviolet sensing

Mohd Yusoff, Marmeezee and Mamat, Mohamad Hafiz and Ismail, Ahmad Syakirin and Malek, Mohd Firdaus and Zoolfakar, Ahmad Sabirin and Abu Bakar, Suriani and Ahmad, Mohd Khairul and Mat Nayan, Nadirul Hasraf and Shameem Banu, Itreesh Basha and Rusop, Mohamad (2019) Low-temperature-dependent growth of titanium dioxide nanorod arrays in an improved aqueous chemical growth method for photoelectrochemical ultraviolet sensing. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 30 (2). pp. 1017-1033. E-ISSN 0957-4522

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Abstract

The growth of titanium dioxide nanorod arrays (TNAs) in aqueous solutions containing titanium butoxide and hydrochloric acid can be controlled by regulating the temperature from 115 to 150 °C as an adjustable physical parameter. The transparent colloidal solution of titanates is clouded on the basic growth of TNAs when heated at a certain temperature using an improved aqueous chemical growth method in a clamped Schott bottle. The structural, optical and electrical properties of grown TNAs films were thoroughly investigated and discussed. The distinct and high-intensity peaks observed in the X-ray diffraction pattern and Raman spectra of the grown TNAs show the rutile phase with high crystal quality. The crystallite size, diameter size, and thickness of TNAs decrease with decreasing growth temperature. The prepared TNAs were used to detect 365 nm ultraviolet (UV) photon energy (750 µW/cm2) in a photoelectrochemical cell structure with a maximum photocurrent of 26.31 µA and minimum photocurrent of 3.48 µA recorded for TNAs grown at 150 °C and 115 °C, respectively. The size, structural properties, charge transfer resistance, and electron lifetime play a key role in determining the UV sensing characteristics of the TNAs. Results show that TNAs are very promising in fabricating a UV sensor with a high response at 0 V bias even at a low growth temperature of 115 °C.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6421/69278
Uncontrolled Keywords: Low-temperature-dependent growth of titanium dioxide
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK452 Electric apparatus and materials. Electric circuits. Electric networks
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800 Electronics. Computer engineering. Computer hardware. Photoelectronic devices
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Marmeezee Mohd. Yusoff
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2019 14:06
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2019 15:11
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/69278

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