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Memperkasakan perlindungan mangsa pemerdagangan manusia di Malaysia = Empowering protection of human trafficking victim in Malaysia

Ab Hamid, Zuraini (2019) Memperkasakan perlindungan mangsa pemerdagangan manusia di Malaysia = Empowering protection of human trafficking victim in Malaysia. Kanun: Jurnal Undang-undang Malaysia, 31 (1). pp. 105-120. ISSN 0128-2670

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Abstract

Jenayah pemerdagangan manusia merupakan suatu jenayah rentas sempadan yang paling pesat berkembang di seluruh dunia berbanding dengan penyeludupan senjata dan dadah. Fenomena ini mendorong Pertubuhan Bangsa-bangsa Bersatu (PBB) memperkenalkan konsep “3P” melalui Protokol untuk Mencegah, Menyekat dan Menghukum Pemerdagangan Orang terutama Wanita dan Kanak-kanak yang memfokuskan pencegahan jenayah dan perlindungan mangsa pemerdagangan manusia, dan pendakwaan pesalah. Konsep ini menjadi rujukan utama dalam usaha memberikan perlindungan kepada mangsa pemerdagangan manusia, meskipun Malaysia tidak menandatanganinya kerana Malaysia adalah antara negara yang dinilai pencapaiannya dalam Laporan Pemerdagangan Orang (Trafficking in Persons (TIP)) sejak tahun 2001 hingga kini. Dengan menggunakan kaedah kajian doktrin, artikel ini mengenal pasti tanggungjawab antarabangsa yang perlu dipatuhi. Artikel ini mendapati meskipun Malaysia mengadaptasi beberapa langkah penting untuk mematuhi rangka kerja antarabangsa tersebut, penambahbaikan berdasarkan prinsip “3R”, iaitu penyelamatan (rescue), pemulihan (rehabilitation) dan pengintegrasian semula (reintegration) perlu dilakukan demi memberikan perlindungan yang lebih berkesan kepada mangsa pemerdagangan manusia. ********************************************************** Human trafficking is the fastest growing transnational crime in the world ahead of the smuggling of weapons and drugs. This phenomenon has encouraged the United Nations (UN) to introduce “3P” concept through the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children. The concept of 3P is the main guideline in protecting the human trafficking victim. Basically, Malaysia is not bound by this protocol as the country has not signed as a member. Nevertheless, Malaysia should implement steps to adhere to the protocol as Malaysia is one of the countries assessed in the TIP Reports issued since 2001 until now.Using the doctrinal approach, this article clarifies whether the international obligations must be met in Malaysia in order to ensure that the victim rights are protected. This paper reveals that Malaysia has adopted a number of vital steps to comply with the international framework. Nonetheless, a reformation of the legal action should be done to ensure a more effective protection to the trafficking victims.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7471/69243
Uncontrolled Keywords: pemerdagangan manusia, konsep “3P”, hak mangsa, Malaysia, TIP, humantrafficking, “3P” paradigm, rightofvictims, Malaysia, TIP
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
K Law > K Law (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws > Department of Legal Practice
Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws
Depositing User: Zuraini Ab Hamid
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2019 12:42
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2019 17:11
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/69243

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