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Extraction and characterization of starch from mango seeds

Ahmad A. Shahrim, Nur’Aishah and Sarifuddin, Norshahida and Ismail, Hanafi (2018) Extraction and characterization of starch from mango seeds. In: Regional Conference on Materials and ASEAN Microscopy Conference 2017, RCM and AMC 2017, 12 - 13 December 2017, Penang; Malaysia.

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The mango (Mangifera indica) seed starch were extracted via distillation, alkaline, sedimentation and centrifugation method. The effects of extraction methods on its morphology, structural and physicochemical properties extracted were comparatively studied. Morphological characteristics like shape and size of the starch granules, display significant differences under scanning electron microscope (SEM). The extracted mango seed starch granules showed oval and irregular or cuboidal-shaped with smooth surface despite of different extraction method. Distillation method yields smallest (13.80 ± 2.90 µm) starch granules in size, followed by alkaline method (15.83 ± 3.65 µm), sedimentation method (15.97 ± 4.44 µm) and centrifugation method (19.91 ± 6.82 µm). X-ray diffraction pattern whereas, showed the isolated mango seed starch is an A-type starch, hence, corroborated to suggest the morphology of the starch granules by their size. Moreover, starch isolated via alkali method had highest starch yield of 91.72 % than starch isolated via distillation (81.87 %), sedimentation (74.82 %) and centrifugation (74.56 %), suggest that mango seed as one of the potential sources of starch.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 7385/69180
Uncontrolled Keywords: Extraction and characterization; Starch; Mango seeds
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401 Materials of engineering and construction
T Technology > TS Manufactures
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Norshahida Sarifuddin
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2019 14:07
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2019 14:07
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/69180

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