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Quantitative evaluation of crack depths and angles for pulsed eddy current non-destructive testing

Nafiah, Faris and Sophian, Ali and Khan, Md. Raisuddin and Zainal Abidin, Ilham Mukriz (2019) Quantitative evaluation of crack depths and angles for pulsed eddy current non-destructive testing. NDT and E International, 102. pp. 180-188. ISSN 0963-8695

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Cracks with inclination angles may potentially cause damage to a larger region in the tested structures. Their characterization, in terms of depth and angle, is therefore paramount for ensuring the integrity of the specimen under test. This study extracts features from Pulsed eddy current (PEC) signals obtained in a linear scan, perpendicular to the simulated surface cracks. The novel features extracted, termed skewness, LLS and LSmax, are capable of defining crack depth and inclination angles simultaneously. Multiple linear regression (MLR) was built to perform depth prediction, and the pre-determined depths were used in the hierarchical linear model (HLM) for angle prediction. The results were then compared with depth and angle prediction using artificial neural network (ANN). Better reliability of the ANN model with recorded RMSE of 0.198mm and 2.903° in depth and angle prediction are highlighted. ANN is favourable in handling simultaneous prediction of crack depth and inclination angles, when using interdependent features. Meanwhile, HLM is still approved as a technique to provide a preliminary understanding of the crack parameters.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7258/68521
Uncontrolled Keywords: NDT, pulsed eddy current, artificial neural network
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ170 Mechanics applied to machinery. Dynamics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechatronics Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Ali Sophian
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2019 21:52
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2019 16:54
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/68521

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