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Potassium carbonate from pineapple and orange peels as catalyst for biodiesel production

Mohamed Sharikh, Atikah and Sulaiman, S. and Azmi, Azlin Suhaida and Sulaiman, Sarina (2018) Potassium carbonate from pineapple and orange peels as catalyst for biodiesel production. In: 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018;, 29 April - 30 April 2018, Ho Chi Minh; Viet Nam.

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Scarcity in fuel from fossil fuel has led to exploration of potential substitutes from renewable sources. Biodiesel as one of renewable energy sources is identified as cleaner alternative to petroleum fuel. This paper reports on the study of potassium carbonate, K2CO3 sourced from pineapple and orange peels as heterogeneous catalyst for biodiesel production. K2CO3 was produced by drying of fruit peel prior to calcination at temperature ranged from 700°C to 1000°C for 2 to 4 hours. To determine the physicochemical properties of the resulting ash, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis were employed for the characterization of the solid. Through FTIR analysis, the presence of carbonate was confirmed while SEM analysis revealed the morphological properties of the catalyst. Biodiesel with highest yield of 95.6% was produced at 60°C, 2.75 wt% of catalyst and 12:1 molar ratio of methanol to oil.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 5339/68322
Uncontrolled Keywords: Potassium carbonate; Pineapple and orange peels; Biodiesel production
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Sarina Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2018 12:23
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 15:29
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/68322

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