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Kenaf biomass as potential biopolymer

Mustafa Kamalbhrin, Mohd. Adlan and N. , Nuraisyah and Anuar, Hazleen and Mel, Maizirwan and Seeni Mohamed, Nurhafizah and Mohd. Nasir, Nur Aimi (2011) Kenaf biomass as potential biopolymer. In: Malaysia Polymer International Conference 2011 (MPIC 2011), 18-20 October 2011, Equatorial Hotel Putrajaya. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This research was made to synthesis polylactic acid (PLA) from kenaf biomass that is currently waste of kenaf fibre production. This project is carried out to aim in reducing the manufacturing cost of PLA, reducing market price of PLA and to sustain the green technology. Basically, the pre treatment process was done previously on kenaf biomass with sulfuric acid (H2SO4) to hydrolyze the cellulose content. The step is then continued with the fermentation process to obtain lactic acid using Rhizopus oryzae followed by the lactic acid separation and purification before it is further synthesized into PLA. The characteristic of treated and untreated kenaf biomass were tested by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD) and also Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Full Paper)
Additional Information: 4130/6787
Uncontrolled Keywords: Polylactic acid, PLA, kenaf, biomass
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS195 Packaging
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Hazleen Anuar
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2011 23:30
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2011 00:55
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/6787

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