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New potential of biomaterials from kenaf fibre biomass

Anuar, Hazleen and Mel, Maizirwan and Seeni Mohamed, Nurhafizah and Mohd. Nasir, Nur Aimi and Mustafa Kamalbhrin, Mohd. Adlan (2010) New potential of biomaterials from kenaf fibre biomass. In: Islamic Innovation Expo 2010 (i-Inova’ 2010), 26-28 September 2010, Indoor Nilai Stadium. (Unpublished)

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Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus, L.) is a short day, annual, herbaceous plant processing high quality cellulose. The whole plant can be used as pulp in paper industry, composite industry, and electronic industry. Initially, kenaf was introduced in Malaysia as a high protein animal feed in 2000. Trend towards environmental sustainability and development of renewable resources has significantly increased interest in kenaf as potential of raw materials for the utilization of bio pharmaceutical, bio fuel such as biodiesel and bioethanol, biodegradable polymers, and also bio organic acid industries. Kenaf is found to be naturally resistant to breakdown to its structural sugars since it is a lignocellulosic material. Thus, it needs to undergo pre-treatment process either by mild acid hydrolysis or base hydrolysis in order to liberate glucose. From this process, 8.65 g/L of glucose have been produced, which equivalent to 21.63 percent of glucose conversion. Next, the fermentation process was conducted by using Lactobacillus rhamnosus as microbes to produce lactic acid. After the fermentation process, the lactic acid was then purified and being synthesis into poly lactic acid either by polycondensation method or ring opening polymerization (ROP).

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 4130/6762
Uncontrolled Keywords: biomaterials, kenaf fibre
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS195 Packaging
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Hazleen Anuar
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2011 23:50
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2015 12:12
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/6762

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