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Kenaf fibre reinforced poly(lactic acid) biocomposites

Anuar, Hazleen and Ahmad, Zuraida and Jozsef Gabor, Kovacs and A., Adilah (2010) Kenaf fibre reinforced poly(lactic acid) biocomposites. In: 8th Global WPC and Natural Fibre Composites Congress and Exhibition, 22–23 June 2010, Stuttgart, Germany. (Unpublished)

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This paper focus on potential of kenaf fibre (KF) as a reinforcing material for poly(lactic acid) (PLA) biopolymer. The fabrication of kenaf bast fibre reinforced poly(lactic acid) biocomposite is expected to be applied in food packaging industry with the properties that are comparable to fossil-fuel based composite. The kenaf fibre content in the PLA was varied from 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% by weight. PLA-KF biocomposite was extruded using Haake twin screw extruder before injection molded for further mechanical characterization. The average of kenaf fibre aspect ratio is 12. Single fibre tests shown that tensile strength and tensile modulus for KF are 119.6 MPa and 6206.1 MPa, respectively. As for preliminary studies, processing parameters have been determined by using 10 wt% kenaf fibre at temperature of 180 oC and screw rotation of 150 rpm. The theoretical tensile strength and tensile modulus was also predicted by using rule of mixtures and the value then compared with the value obtained via experimental.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Full Paper)
Additional Information: 4130/6761
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kenaf fibre, poly(lactic acid), mechanical properties, single fibre test.
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS195 Packaging
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Hazleen Anuar
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2011 23:26
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2011 15:51
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/6761

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