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Translation, adaptation and cross-cultural validation of Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adult (HHIA) in Malay language

Tengku Zam Zam, Tengku Zulaila Hasma and Dzulkarnain, Ahmad Aidil Arafat and Rahmat, Sarah and Jusoh, Masnira (2019) Translation, adaptation and cross-cultural validation of Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adult (HHIA) in Malay language. Journal of Audiology and Otology, 23 (3). pp. 129-134. ISSN 2384-1621 E-ISSN 2384-1710

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Background and Objectives: A self-reported questionnaire for the hearing-impaired is not yet available in the Malay language, hence, it is important to develop or translate any available existing questionnaires. The aim of this study was to translate, adapt and validate the Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adult (HHIA) to be used by the audiologist among the hearing-impaired population in Malaysia. Subjects (Materials) and Methods: The HHIAs were translated using forward-backward translation techniques by four-panellists (two for each level). The translated HHIA were then reconciled and harmonized for culture and content by the researchers and the two expert panels before being pilot-tested among 10 hearing-impaired patients. Validation was conducted among 80 adults with a hearing loss (AHL) to calculate for Cronbach’s α (internal reliability), Spearman’s correlation (inter-item correlation) and factor analysis. Results: None of the translated items were removed from the scale. The overall Cronbach’s alpha was 0.964; 0.927 and 0.934 for both social and emotional subscales, respectively. The factor analysis (force-concept inventory) demonstrated a two-structure with a strong correlation between all items in either component 1 or 2, that resembled the original scale. The Mann-Whitney test revealed significantly higher scores for those adults with a hearing loss than those adults with normal hearing. Conclusion: The Malay HHIA has been successfully translated and validated for the purpose of determining the psychosocial aspects of adults with hearing losses in the local population.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4465/67542
Uncontrolled Keywords: HHIA, Malay HHIA, Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults
Subjects: R Medicine > RF Otorhinolaryngology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology
Depositing User: Prof Dr Ahmad Aidil Arafat Dzulkarnain
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2018 09:55
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2020 07:50
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/67542

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