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Knowledge, attitude and practice of smoking among pharmacy students: findings from a public university

Mohamed Ahmed, Abdul Karem and Elsayed, Tarek Mohamed Ali and Elkalmi, Ramadan Mohamed Mahmod and Jamshed, Shazia Qasim and Dyab, Eman Ali and Siddiqui, Mohammad Jamshed Ahmad and Nahas, Abdul Rahman Fata (2018) Knowledge, attitude and practice of smoking among pharmacy students: findings from a public university. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 12 (12). LC06-LC09. ISSN 0973-709X

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Abstract

Introduction: Smoking causes substantial preventable morbidity, mortality and financial burdens. It is the main risk factor for many diseases and a significant cause of death. Smoking prevalence is high internationally and in Malaysia, especially among males. Smoking cessation is essential to reduce tobacco-related morbidity and mortality. Aim: To evaluate knowledge, attitude towards and practice of smoking among pharmacy students in the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a validated structured self-administered questionnaire among a sample of IIUM pharmacy students (n=251) during November 2012. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to summarise data and to examine the relationship between variables. Results: A total of 251 IIUM pharmacy students have participated in the survey. The median age of the participants was 21-23 years; 23.9% of them were males and 76.1% were females. The percentage of current smokers and ex-smokers was 0.4%, 0.8%, respectively. About 43% of the respondents had a good knowledge (score >16), more than half of them had a positive attitude (score >17), and about 38.4% had a good practice (score >11). Conclusion: Smoking prevalence among pharmacy students in IIUM is very low. However, conducting training and educational programs to improve knowledge, attitudes and practice of pharmacy students is highly recommended to assist their contribution to smoking cessation interventions in the future.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6772/66984
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nicotine replacement, Physical and psychological addiction, Tobacco products
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: Dr Shazia Jamshed
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2018 14:50
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2019 14:59
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/66984

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