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A review on fisheries and conservation status of Asian Horseshoe crabs

John, Akbar and Nelson, Bryan R. and Hasan I., Sheikh and Cheung, SG and Wardiatno, Yusli and Dash, Bisnu Prasad and Keiji, Tsuchiya and Yumiko, Iwasaki and Pati, Siddhartha (2018) A review on fisheries and conservation status of Asian Horseshoe crabs. Biodiversity and Conservation, 27 (14). ISSN 0960-3115 E-ISSN 1572-9710 (In Press)

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Horseshoe crabs are the only extant xiphosurans and are believed to be morphologically unchanged for more than 200 million years. Of the four extant species namely, Limulus polyphemus, Tachypleus tridentatus, Tapinauchenius gigas and Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda, the latter three are found in Asian waters. Recent evidences showed that Asian horseshoe crabs are facing serious threats such as degradation of their spawning grounds and habitat, environmental pollution, overexploitation as a culinary delicacy and biomedical bleeding practices. Baseline data on the distribution and existing population of the wild horseshoe crabs remain poorly known in several Asian regions. Several studies have clearly revealed that pressure due to over-fshing of wild stock has increased tremendously in the last decade. Due to an increase in demand for Tachypleus Amebocyte Lysate (TAL) analogous to Limulus Amebocyte Lysate (LAL) in the United States, there is an urgent need to comprehensively address their fshing and conservation measures in the Asian region. This review addresses the overall studies on three species of Asian horseshoe crabs in relation to their fshing practices, local exploitation of their wild stock either for human consumption (or) by biomedical industries. The authors have structured the discussion on an international scale to address the existing problems in fshing and conservation of horseshoe crabs. Since no specifc regulatory force or legislative protection act or a policy to preserve their natural stock are available to this date, this paper strongly recommends representative countries to include horseshoe crabs under their wildlife protection act to avoid further unsustainable exploitation of their wild populations

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7130/66969
Uncontrolled Keywords: Horseshoe crabs, Habitat degradation, Distribution, Threats, Living fossil
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Institute of Oceanography and Maritime Studies
Depositing User: Dr. Akbar John
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2018 12:11
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2019 09:08
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/66969

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