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Climate change and temperature rise: implications on food poisoning cases in Malaysia

Hassan, Noor Artika and Hashim, Jamal Hisham and Wan Mahiyuddin, Wan Rozita and Faisal, Mohd Syazwan and Mohd Fuzi, Mohd Fadzli (2018) Climate change and temperature rise: implications on food poisoning cases in Malaysia. In: International Society for Environmental Epidemiology and International Society of Exposure Science - Asia Chapter Conference 2018 (ISEE/ES-AC 2018), 21st-25th June 2018, Taipei, Taiwan. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Background/Aim: This study is an attempt to quantify climate-induced increases in morbidity rates of food poisoning cases. Methods: Monthly food poisoning cases and average monthly meteorological data from 2004 to 2014 were obtained from the Malaysian Ministry of Health and Malaysian Meteorological Department, respectively. Population projections in Malaysia, up to the year 2040 were adopted from the Malaysian Department of Statistics and modified to the year 2100. The PRECIS model was used to project future climate up to the year 2100 under the A1B scenario. Poisson generalized linear models were developed to quantify the relationship between climatic parameters and the number of reported food poisoning cases in the future. Results: The findings revealed that the total number of food poisoning cases in Malaysia during the 11 years study period was 134,820 cases with 46 deaths. The mean age of the patients was 20±18 years. Half of the cases were among the ages of 13-24 years old. Among the cases, 98.2% were Malaysians and 55.7% were females. The PRECIS model projection under the A1B scenario showed that the surface temperature in Malaysia has a monotonic increment for all states with slightly higher warming rates over the Southern and Northern regions, with an increase of more than 3.0 °C towards the end of the 21st century. Temperature gave a significant impact on the incidence of food poisoning cases in Selangor (p<0.001), Melaka (p<0.001), and Kelantan (p<0.001). For a 1.0°C increase in temperature, the excess risk of food poisoning in each state will increase up to 56.4%. Conclusion: The study concludes that climate does affect the distribution of food poisoning cases in Selangor, Melaka, and Kelantan. Food poisoning cases in other states are not directly associated with temperature but related to long term trends and seasonality.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech/Talk)
Additional Information: 8418/66914
Uncontrolled Keywords: Climate change, temperature, food poisoning, Malaysia
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Kulliyyah of Medicine
Depositing User: nur hakimah a manan
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2018 14:09
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2018 14:09
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/66914

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