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Effects of different types of soy sauce on the formation of heterocyclic amines in roasted chicken

Alam Shah, Syifaa and Selamat, Jinap and Akanda, Md. Jahurul Haque and Sanny, Maimunah and Khatib, Alfi (2018) Effects of different types of soy sauce on the formation of heterocyclic amines in roasted chicken. Food Additives & Contaminants, 35 (5). pp. 870-881. ISSN 1944-0049

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Abstract

The objective of the study was to determine the effect of different types of soy sauce and marinating time on the formation of heterocyclic amines (HCAs) in roasted chicken. Chicken breast samples were marinated with sweet, salty, light and dark soy sauce at 0, 3, 6 and 12 h (control treatment was the chicken without marinade). The concentrations of free amino acids, sugars and creatinine were determined before roasting while HCA concentrations were determined after roasting. All types of soysaucesignificantlyincreased(p≤0.05)theconcentrationofHCAsinroastedchickenwithincreasing marinatingtime.ThehighestincrementoftotalconcentrationofHCAswasfoundinsamplesmarinated with light soy sauce (887%) followed by dark (375%), salty (193%) and sweet (169%) at 12 h. PhIP (2amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine) showed a substantial reduction in samples only momentarily marinated with sweet, salty and dark soy sauce (0 h). Free amino acids were found to be more strongly correlated with the formation of HCAs than reducing sugars or creatinine.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6915/66738
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heterocyclic amines; soy sauce; free amino acids; reducing sugar; creatinine; roasted chicken
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Dr. Alfi Khatib
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2018 15:11
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2019 11:19
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/66738

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