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Chlorella vulgaris logistic growth kinetics model in high concentrations of aqueous ammonia

Azmi, Azlin Suhaida and Che Aziz, Nurain Atikah and Mohamad Puad, Noor Illi and Abdul Halim, Amanatuzzakiah and Yusof, Faridah and Yusup, Suzana (2018) Chlorella vulgaris logistic growth kinetics model in high concentrations of aqueous ammonia. IIUM Engineering Journal, 19 (2). pp. 1-9. ISSN 1511-788X

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Abstract

The ability of microalgae to utilize CO2 during photosynthesis and grow rapidly shows their potential in CO2 bio-fixation to capture and store the gas. However, CO2 capture by this biological approach is very slow compared to chemical reaction-based processes such as absorption using amine or aqueous ammonia. Integration between chemical (aqueous ammonia) and biological (microalgae) aspects might enhance the capturing process and at the same time the microalgae can assimilate CO2 for beneficial bioproduct formation. Thus, it is important to assess the growth of the microalgae in various concentrations of ammonia with CO2 supply. Hence, the main objective of this study is to investigate Chlorella vulgaris (C. vulgaris) growth and its kinetics in aqueous ammonia. To achieve that, C. vulgaris was cultivated in various concentrations of aqueous ammonia between 0 to 1920 mg/L at room temperature (i.e. 27°C) and supplied with 15% (v/v) of CO2 under illumination of 3500 lux of white fluorescent light. Result shows that the maximum growth capacity (Xmax) of C. vulgaris is deteriorating from 1.820 Au to 0.245 Au as the concentration of aqueous ammonia is increasing. However, no significant change in maximum specific growth rate (μmax) was observed. The growth data was then fitted into the logistic growth model. The model coefficient of determination (R2) is reducing which suggesting modification of model is required.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5339/66530
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aqueous ammonia, Chlorella vulgaris, growth kinetics, logistic growth model
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Noor Illi Mohamad Puad
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2018 12:24
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 15:28
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/66530

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