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Keberkesanan media mempromosikan zakat pendapatan sebagai alternatif kepada cukai pendapatan = The effectiveness of media on promoting income aakat as an alternative to income tax

Yusoff, Sofia Hayati and Hussin, Rosninawati and Hassan, Fauziah and Ramli, Kasim (2018) Keberkesanan media mempromosikan zakat pendapatan sebagai alternatif kepada cukai pendapatan = The effectiveness of media on promoting income aakat as an alternative to income tax. Al-Abqari: Journal of Islamic Social Sciences and Humanities, 13. pp. 49-58. ISSN 2232-0431 E-ISSN 2504-8422

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Abstract

Dari sudut kefarduan, zakat dan solat adalah sinonim. Di Malaysia, sekalipun zakat pendapatan telah difatwakan sebagai wajib mengikut jumlah pendapatan, ia belum lagi dilaksanakan secara menyeluruh. Beberapa kajian lepas menunjukkan sebahagian besar rakyat Malaysia yang berpendapatan tetap masih memilih potongan gaji berjadual (PGB) untuk pembayaran cukai pendapatan berbanding zakat pendapatan. Penyelidik telah menjalankan kajian mengenai peranan media di Malaysia dalam menyuntik kesedaran dan kefahaman kepada kumpulan sasaran mengenai kepentingan zakat pendapatan sebagai alternatif kepada cukai pendapatan. Kaji selidik bersifat kuantitatif ini adalah bertujuan 1) mengukur keberkesanan media dalam menyalurkan kesedaran terhadap isu ini dan 2) mengukur tahap kefahaman golongan sasaran terhadap kewajipan melunaskan zakat pendapatan melalui potongan gaji bulanan. Sejumlah 500 orang kakitangan awam dalam kalangan kumpulan Pengurusan dan Profesional (gred 41 dan ke atas) sekitar Selangor, Putrajaya dan Kuala Lumpur disenaraikan sebagai responden terpilih yang menyertai kaji selidik ini. Penyelidik mendapati majoriti responden memperoleh maklumat mengenai kepentingan zakat pendapatan melalui Internet berbanding sumber media yang lain. Manakala media cetak merupakan sumber maklumat utama bagi golongan yang berumur 40 tahun dan ke atas. Hasil kajian mendapati media elektronik pula merupakan sumber maklumat utama bagi golongan muda dan berpendapatan lebih daripada RM 4000. ************************************************************************************************************ From the perspective of Islam, zakat and prayers are synonym. In Malaysia, income zakat is a major contributor to state treasury compared to other types of zakat. However, until today the awareness of many civil servants regarding the payment of income zakat, is not yet comprehensive. Some previous studies have shown that they still choose a scheduled salary deduction (PGB) for income tax payment rather than income zakat. Researchers conducted a study on the role of media in Malaysia in injecting awareness and understanding on targeted group on the importance of income zakat through PGB as an alternative to income tax. This quantitative survey aimed at: 1) measuring the effectiveness of the media in channeling the awareness of government staff on this issue and 2) measuring the level of understanding of the group on the obligation to pay the income of zakat through monthly salary deduction. A total of 500 civil servants within the Management and Professional groups (grades 41 and above) around Selangor, Putrajaya and Kuala Lumpur were listed as the selected respondents in the survey. Researchers found that the majority of respondents were informed about the importance of income zakat through the Internet compared to other media sources. While the print media is the main source of information for people over the age of 40. The findings show that electronic media is a major source of information for young people who earn more than RM 4000 monthly.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3197/66432 Artikel ini telah dibentangkan di Seminar Serantau Institusi Pengajian Tinggi Islam (SeIPTI 2017) pada 27 Mac 2017 di Fatoni University, Pattani Thailand dan merupakan penambahbaikan daripada artikel sebelum ini yang telah diterbitkan di dalam Prosiding SeIPTI 2017.
Uncontrolled Keywords: zakat, zakat pendapatan,media, media elektronik, Internet zakat, income zakat, media, electronic media, Internet.
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP1 Islam > BP174 The Practice of Islam > BP185.7 Mass media and telecommunication in Islam
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP1 Islam > BP174 The Practice of Islam > BP185.7 Mass media and telecommunication in Islam
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Centre for Languages and Pre-University Academic Development (CELPAD)
Depositing User: Dr Kasim Ramli
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2018 16:03
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2018 16:42
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/66432

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