IIUM Repository (IREP)

Politics and Islam at the age of nationalism: the conception of Pan-Islamism and the issue of the caliphate in Russia and Turkey

Akhmetova, Elmira (2017) Politics and Islam at the age of nationalism: the conception of Pan-Islamism and the issue of the caliphate in Russia and Turkey. IIUM Press, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ISBN 978-967-418-504-6

[img]
Preview
PDF (MyRA Book) - Published Version
Download (3MB) | Preview

Abstract

This book examines the accuracy of the so-called "universal sociological theory" of Hans Kohn on the examples of identity consciousness of Russian and Turkish Muslims in the first quarter of the twentieth century in the light of the thought of Musa Jarullah, 'Abd Rashid Ibrahimov and Said Nursi. In order to examine the works ofJarullah and Nursi, the researcher adopted an inductive and textual analysis method. The book determines that none of these scholars faced any dilemma between their religious and national identities. After the establishment of the USSR and the Turkish Republic, Muslims were forced to abandon their religious ummah identity and adopt the national identity. Accordingly, the study suggests that the rise of nationalism in Russia and Turkey did not coincide with a voluntary decline in the hold of religion. In addition, the ideas of pan-Islamism were not a recent phenomenon, but it was the continuation of the ummah feelings of Muslims. It was a response of Muslims to Western Imperialism and the spread of ideas of nationalism, secularism and communism. Also, based on the thought of Jarullah and Nursi, the book finds that ideas of calling for unity of Muslims did not bear an anti-Christian character, but it aimed at liberating Muslim nations from their colonial yoke. Moreover, as our research presents, Jarullah and Nursi were optimistic at the prospects of Islamic Union even during decisive years for the Muslim world, when the caliphate was abolished in 1924 and almost all Muslims lands were colonized by Western powers. Consequently, the research book suggests that Islam did not lose its importance in political as well as social lives of Russian and Turkish Muslims. Therefore, the so-called "universal sociological theory" of Hans Kohn is not applicable to the cases of Russian and Turkish Muslims.

Item Type: Book
Additional Information: 7311/65735
Uncontrolled Keywords: Politics, Islam, nationalism, conception, Pan-Islamism, caliphate, Russia, Turkey
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP1 Islam > BP173.7 Islam and politics
J Political Science > JC Political theory > JC49 Islam and Politics
J Political Science > JX International law
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of History & Civilization
Depositing User: Dr Elmira Akhmetova
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2018 10:42
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2018 10:42
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/65735

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year