IIUM Repository

Nutritional management of the critically ill obese patient

Mat Nor, Mohd Basri and Ibrahim, Noor Airini and Abdullah, Fa’iza (2018) Nutritional management of the critically ill obese patient. International Medical Journal Malaysia, 17 (2). pp. 143-148. E-ISSN 1823-4631

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (476kB) | Request a copy
PDF (WOS) - Supplemental Material
Download (280kB) | Preview


Purpose of review: The prevalence of obesity in Malaysia has increased four folds over the past two decades. Epidemiologic studies suggest that there are increased numbers of overweight and obese patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Increased morbidity and mortality along with longer duration of ICU stay and time on mechanical ventilator have been shown to be associated with this particular body habitus. This review will discuss the recent findings and evidence-based approaches to provide nutrition therapy for this ICU population. Recent findings: Nutrition therapy plays a vital role in improving their outcome; however, clinicians need knowledge of certain obstacles that are unique to obese patients. Nutrition assessment should be comprehensive, because the presence of malnutrition is always underestimated. The increased basal insulin level suppresses lipid mobilisation but increases protein breakdown in obesity, thus leading to protein malnutrition. Large variations in body composition among the obese make estimation of caloric requirements very difficult. There is no consensus as to which predictive equation is most suitable, leading to the recommendation to perform indirect calorimetry when available. A more balanced nitrogen profile has been shown following a high-protein, hypocaloric feeding regimen as compared to a eucaloric one while also demonstrating better outcomes. Summary: Future studies should focus on finding a method to determine appropriate energy requirements and validate the benefits of a high-protein, hypocaloric feeding regimen in critically ill obese patients.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5608/65611
Uncontrolled Keywords: critically ill, obesity, indirect calorimetry, high-protein, hypocaloric feeding
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM216 Diet Therapy. Clinical Nutrition
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Anaesthesiology & Intensive Care
Depositing User: Dr. Mohd Basri Mat Nor
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2018 16:40
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2019 09:18
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/65611

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year