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Remineralization evaluation of cocos nucifera extracts via element quantification

Rahamat, Siti Fatimah and Wan Abd. Manan, Wan Nor Hayati and Abllah, Zurainie (2018) Remineralization evaluation of cocos nucifera extracts via element quantification. In: International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017), 7th-9th Dec. 2017, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia.

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Abstract

Demineralization causes plaque calcium (Ca) to dissolve out from the enamel. Prolonged condition would allow enamel caries to worsen. To reverse the condition via remineralization, abundant of free available Ca and phosphorus (P) in the saliva are required. Thus, daily diet with high Ca and P content are important to ensure the continuous supply of Ca and P. Being one of Malaysia's major component of medical applications and daily consumptions, virgin coconut oil (VCO), coconut milk (CM), and coconut water (CW) are yet to be discovered their mineral content especially Ca and P. Hence, this study aims to evaluate the Ca and P content in VCO, CM, and CW. Inductive coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used in analyzing the Ca and P content in VCO, CM, and CW. After acid digestion (Method 3051a) using Teflon vessels under 170°C, the samples were diluted and the readings were compared. The Ca concentration in descending order VCO (0.47±0.15), CW (0.45±0.05) and CM (0.44±0.15), while P concentration in descending order is as follows CM (0.25±0.05), CW (0.09±0.05), and VCO (0.05±0.06). With no huge difference in Ca content, CM is considered to exhibit a high Ca and P content in total. In conclusion, CM exhibits a promising remineralization potential on enamel caries with high Ca and P content.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 5954/65529
Uncontrolled Keywords: demineralization, remineralization, calcium, VCO, coconut milk
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry > RK318 Oral and Dental Medicine. Pathology. Diseases-Therapeutics-General Works
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Dentistry
Kulliyyah of Dentistry > Restorative Dentistry
Depositing User: Dr zurainie abllah
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2018 14:00
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2018 14:00
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/65529

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