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Passive control of base pressure with static cylinder at supersonic flow

Asadullah, Mohammed and Khan, Sher Afghan and Asrar, Waqar and Sulaeman, Erwin (2018) Passive control of base pressure with static cylinder at supersonic flow. In: 1st International Conference on Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering (AeroMech 2017), 21st-22nd Nov. 2017, Pulau Pinang.

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An experimental investigation for over expanded, perfectly expanded and under expanded supersonic jets is presented to study the effectiveness of a static cylinder to reduce base drag at Mach 2 through a converging diverging nozzle for a cross-sectional duct nozzle area ratio of 9. A static cylinder of 2 mm diameter at 2 mm from the side wall of a square duct and 8 mm from the square nozzle exit in the base region is installed as a passive control device. Base pressures in the wake flow after sudden expansion of jets in to a square nozzle have been measured. The length width ratio of the duct is 10. The jets were operated at different nozzle pressure ratios in the range from 2 to 9. The flow field in the square duct was also observed for all cases. Static cylinder as a passive controller was found to reduce the base drag as high as 59 percent at NPR = 9 and 14 percent at NPR = 6. The base pressure depends on Mach number, area ratio, length to width ratio, and nozzle pressure ratio (NPR). When flow from the nozzle is over expanded, the static control is ineffective till NPR is 6. The level of expansion plays a vital role. The flow flux in the square duct remains almost identical with and without control for most of the cases. However, at higher NPRs namely 6, 7.8, and 9 the control results in an increase as well as a decrease in the wall pressure along the duct. Passive control of the base flow is effective for higher NPRs. The flow field for perfectly expanded nozzle is dominated by the shock waves. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Invited Papers)
Additional Information: 7395/65383
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wall pressure, base pressure, nozzle pressure ratio, passive control
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ241 Machine construction (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Sher Afghan Khan
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2018 09:33
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2018 09:33
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/65383

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