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Levels and diagnostic value of model-based insulin sensitivity in sepsis: a preliminary study

Wan Muhd Shukeri, Wan Fadzlina and Mat Nor, Mohd Basri and Jamaludin, Ummu Kulthum and Mohamad Suhaimi, Fatanah and Abdul Razak, Normy Norfiza and Md Ralib, Azrina (2018) Levels and diagnostic value of model-based insulin sensitivity in sepsis: a preliminary study. Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine, 22 (6). pp. 402-407. ISSN 0972-5229 E-ISSN 1998-359X

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Background and Aims: Currently, there is a lack of real time metric with high sensitivity and specificity to diagnose sepsis. Insulin sensitivity (SI) may be determined in real time using mathematical glucose insulin models; however, its effectiveness as a diagnostic test of sepsis is unknown. Our aims were to determine the levels and diagnostic value of model based SI for identification of sepsis in critically ill patients. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective, cohort study, we analysed SI levels in septic (n = 18) and nonseptic (n = 20) patients at 1 (baseline), 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24 h of their Intensive Care Unit admission. Patients with diabetes mellitus Type I or Type II were excluded from the study. The SI levels were derived by fitting the blood glucose levels, insulin infusion and glucose input rates into the Intensive Control of insulin Nutrition Glucose model. Results: The median SI levels were significantly lower in the sepsis than in the nonsepsis at all follow up time points. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the model based SI at baseline for discriminating sepsis from nonsepsis was 0.814 (95% confidence interval, 0.675–0.953). The optimal cut-off point of the SI test was 1.573 × 10-4 L/mu/min. At this cut-off point, the sensitivity was 77.8%, specificity was 75%, positive predictive value was 73.7%, and negative predictive value was 78.9%. Conclusions: Model based SI ruled in and ruled out sepsis with fairly high sensitivity and specificity in our critically ill nondiabetic patients. These findings can be used as a foundation for further, prospective investigation in this area.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5608/65353
Uncontrolled Keywords: critical care, diagnosis, insulin sensitivity, model-based, sepsis
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Anaesthesiology & Intensive Care
Depositing User: Dr. Mohd Basri Mat Nor
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2018 16:29
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2018 16:29
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/65353

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