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Unani methods of cure in the Indian subcontinent: an analytical study

Arshad Islam, Islam (2018) Unani methods of cure in the Indian subcontinent: an analytical study. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7 (2). pp. 480-487. ISSN 2227-524X

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The history of medicine is bound with the history of civilization, representing the complex interactions of human communities, geography and the environment over time. South Asia has always been a vibrant melting pot of interactions between different peoples. Unani (‘Greek’) medicine is based on ancient Hellenic thought (via its interactions with Babylonian, Egyptian, Indian and Persian knowledge).Tibb-i-Unani is Arabic for ‘Greek medicine’, which became Unani as practised in the Indian Subcontinent, where it was developed and refined through systematic experimentation by renowned scholars. Islamic physicians tested Indian traditional medicines using clinical trials, as a result of which they incorporated a number of indigenous medicines in their own system, advancing and enriching its treasures. The basic Unani framework is timeless, based on human action and intrinsic causes. This paper highlights the subtler and perhaps more important aspects of classical Indian Unani medicine that contributed to the development of the entire body of scientific knowledge. Through an analysis of socio-cultural and historical context, the paper concludes that the contribution of Unani medicine in India lies in:(a) preserving the ancient Greek tradition of medicine; and (b) safeguarding and advancing utilitarian medical science and treatment into the early modern period.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 1440/64838
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ayurvedic medicine; Greek medicine; Unani medicine
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CB History of civilization
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of History & Civilization
Depositing User: Dr. Arshad Islam
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2018 14:57
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2018 15:05
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/64838

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