IIUM Repository

Passive control of base drag employing dimple in subsonic suddenly expanded flow

Khan, Sher Afghan and Asad Ullah, Mohammed and Sadiq, Jafar (2018) Passive control of base drag employing dimple in subsonic suddenly expanded flow. International Journal of Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering, 18 (3). pp. 69-74. ISSN 2227-2771 E-ISSN 2077-124X

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (896kB) | Request a copy
Download (491kB) | Preview


This paper presents an experimental and computational investigation to study the effectiveness of dimples to control the base pressure in Backward facing step (BFS) for various Nozzle pressure ratio (NPR) having Compressible flow to minimize the base drag. Two dimples of 3 mm diameter located at 1800 interval along pitch circle diameter of 23 mm in the base region was employed as passive controls. The test was conducted for NPR 1.27, 1.38, 1.52 and 1.69. The model is designed in such a way so as to provide four BFS with angle of incidence as 150 from which the flow suddenly expands to a square duct of 25 mm. The experimental investigation is carried out for different length of duct 4D≤L≤10D to see the influence of geometric parameter on base pressure. From the present investigation, it was found that dimples as passive control is very effective at higher NPR and the wall pressure distribution too was quite stable at higher NPR. Also the geometric parameter was found to influence the base pressure for a particular NPR. Computational investigation using commercial CFD tool shows pressure and velocity distribution profile for both dimple and non-dimple control. Tests are carried out by using Navier-stokes equation, Turbulence model as SST, Reynolds number (Re) =122.56×103. From this investigation it is clear that for a given nozzle pressure ratio one can find optimum L/D ratio which will result in maximum increase/decrease of base pressure and dimples can be effective passive controller for reducing base drag without disturbing the flow field.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7395/64531
Uncontrolled Keywords: Backward Facing Step, Base Pressure, Wall Pressure, Nozzle Pressure Ratio, Passive Control
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics > TL1 Motor vehicles
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Sher Afghan Khan
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2018 11:42
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2019 10:30
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/64531

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year