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Synthesis, in-vitro and in silico studies of azo-based calix[4]arenes as antibacterial agent and neuraminidase inhibitor: a new look into an old scaffold

Ali, Yousaf and Muhamad Bunnori, Noraslinda and Susanti, Deny and Muhammad Alhassan, Alhassan and Abd Hamid, Shafida (2018) Synthesis, in-vitro and in silico studies of azo-based calix[4]arenes as antibacterial agent and neuraminidase inhibitor: a new look into an old scaffold. Frontiers in Chemistry, 6. pp. 1-10. ISSN 2296-2646

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Abstract

Calixarene derivatives are reported as potential therapeutic agents. Azo derivatives of calixarenes have not been given much consideration to explore their biomedical applications. In the present study, some azo-based derivatives of calix[4]arene were synthesized and characterized and their antibacterial and antiviral potentials were studied. The mono azo products of sulphanilamide, sulfaguanidine and 2-methyl-4-aminobenzoic acid showed good activity against bacterial strains with minimum inhibition concentration values ranging from 0.97 to 62.5 μg/mL. For mono azo products, the diazotized salt was applied as a limiting reagent. The use of calix[4]arene and sodium acetate trihydrate in 1:3 (molar ratio) helped in partial substitution. Molecular docking was performed to see the interaction of the designed compounds with two bacterial and one viral (neuraminidase) receptor. Some of the derivatives showed good interaction with the active site of bacterial and neuraminidase enzymes through hydrogen, hydrophobic and pi-pi interactions, and could inhibit the activity of the selected enzymes.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6604/64223
Uncontrolled Keywords: in-vitro, silico studies, azo-based calix[4]arenes, antibacterial agent, neuraminidase inhibitor
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Kulliyyah of Science
Depositing User: Mrs. Shafida Abdul Hamid
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2018 12:17
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2019 11:01
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/64223

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