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Impact of educational outreach intervention on enhancing health care providers' knowledge about statin therapy prescribing in Malaysian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Elnaem, Mohamed Hassan and Nik Mohamed, Mohamad Haniki and Huri, Hasniza Zaman and Mohd Shah, Azarisman Shah (2018) Impact of educational outreach intervention on enhancing health care providers' knowledge about statin therapy prescribing in Malaysian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 24 (3). pp. 521-527. ISSN 1356-1294 E-ISSN 1365-2753

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Abstract

Rationale Previous research reported underutilization of statin therapy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Improving health care providers' awareness and understanding of the benefits and risks of statin treatment could be of assistance in optimizing the statin prescribing process. Aims and Objectives This study aimed to assess health care providers' knowledge related to statin therapy and the impact of educational outreach intervention based on the perceived knowledge. Methods This was a cross‐sectional study based on educational outreach intervention targeting physicians and pharmacists in 1 major tertiary hospital in the state of Pahang, Malaysia. Participants responded to a 12‐item, validated questionnaire both prior to and after the outreach educational program. Two sessions were conducted separately for 2 cohorts of pharmacists and physicians. The knowledge scores prior to and after the educational intervention were calculated and compared using a paired‐samples t‐test. Results The response rate to both pre‐and post‐educational outreach questionnaires was 91% (40/44). Prior to the intervention, around 84% (n37) of the participants decided to initiate statin therapy for both pre‐assessment clinical case scenarios; however, only 27% (n12) could state the clinical benefits of statin therapy. Forty‐five percent (n20) could state the drug to drug interactions, and 52.3% (n23) could identify the statin therapy that can be given at any time day/evening. The educational outreach program increased participants' knowledge scores of 1.450 (95% CI, 0.918 to 1.982) point, P < .0005, which is statistically significant. Forty respondents (91%) were of the opinion that statin side effects are the most common cause of treatment discontinuation. Conclusion This work demonstrated the impact of an educational outreach intervention on improving health care providers' knowledge and beliefs about statin therapy. This type of intervention is considered effective for short‐term knowledge enhancement. Further research is needed to test the long‐term efficacy of such intervention

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7472/64191
Uncontrolled Keywords: knowledge, Malaysia, prescribing, statin therapy, type 2 diabetes mellitus
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC667 Specialties of Internal Medicine-Diseases of Circulatory (Cardiovascular) System
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM283 Endocrinotheraphy
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: Dr Mohamed Elnaem
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2018 16:18
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2018 16:18
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/64191

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