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A single LC tank based active voltage balancing circuit for battery management system

Habib, A K M Ahasan and Motakabber, S. M. A. and Ibrahimy, Muhammad Ibn and Alam, A. H. M. Zahirul (2018) A single LC tank based active voltage balancing circuit for battery management system. IIUM Engineering Journal, 19 (1). pp. 158-167. ISSN 1511-788X

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Abstract

Nowadays, battery operated vehicles and machine power tools are becoming popular due to their simple and compact structure, low operating and maintenance costs, moreover renewable energy utilization facility etc. In order to obtain the necessary operating voltage and current of these devices, many electric cells are combined together in series and parallel combination. A series battery balancing circuit can be used to improve the efficiency of each cell charging and discharging process and consequently increase the lifespan of it. A battery management system (BMS) needs an efficient balancing circuit. This paper presents a high-speed single LC-tank DC to DC converter based electric cell balancing schemes. Since the supercapacitors are equivalent of rechargeable battery; in this research two supercapacitors have been used instead of rechargeable batteries. The voltage balance has been maintained by charging and discharging the supercapacitors through a single LC-tank circuit. As a result, the overall voltage balancing time has been reduced and improved the circuit performance. Experimental result shows that the proposed balancing circuit can reduce the voltage difference between the two supercapacitors from 350 mV to 0 V in 284 seconds, which is less time than the existing system. Satu pengubah resonan sesiri telah direka bagi mengimbangi aras voltan pada kenderaan beroperasikan bateri dan pada mesin jana kuasa yang menjadi semakin popular.Ini kerana strukturnya yang mudah dan kompak, kos operasi dan penyelenggaraan yang rendah, termasuk kemudahan penggunaan tenaga kitar semula dan sebagainya. Bagi mendapatkan voltan dan arus operasi yang sesuai, banyak sel elektrik telah digabungkan bersama dalam gabungan sesiri dan selari. Litar pengimbang bateri sesiri boleh digunakan bagi meningkatkan kecekapan setiap proses pengecasan dan penyahcas sel dan sekaligus meningkatkan jangka hayat sel. Sistem pengurusan bateri (BMS) memerlukan litar pengimbang yang cekap. Kertas ini membentangkan tentang satu pengubah DC-DC tangki-LC berkelajuan tinggi berdasarkan skim pengimbang sel elektrik. Oleh kerana supercapacitors bertindak seperti bateri boleh cas semula; penyelidikan ini telah mengguna pakai dua super-kapasitor dan bukan bateri boleh cas semula. Baki voltan telah dikekalkan dengan mengecas dan menyahcas super-kapasitor menggunakan satu litar tangki-LC. Dengan ini, masa pengimbang keseluruhan voltan dapat dikurangkan dan kecekapan litar dapat ditingkatkan. Hasil eksperimen menunjukkan litar pengimbang yang dicadangkan dapat mengurangkan perbezaan voltan antara dua super-kapasitor dari 350 mV kepada 0 V dalam tempoh 284 saat, kurang daripada masa sistem sedia ada.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6791/64064
Uncontrolled Keywords: Voltage Balancing; Battery Management System; Electrical Energy Storage Device; Resonant Converters; Electric Vehicles
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Muhammad Ibrahimy
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2018 10:42
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2018 12:09
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/64064

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