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The protection of human trafficking victims by the enforcement bodies in Malaysia

Ab Hamid, Zuraini and Ab Aziz, Norjihan and Mohamad Amin, Noorshuhadawati (2018) The protection of human trafficking victims by the enforcement bodies in Malaysia. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 8 (7). pp. 367-372. ISSN 2226-5139 E-ISSN 2224-444

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United States is a self-appointed country which monitors the issue of human trafficking. In 2001, the U.S Department of State introduced the Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report as an effort to eradicate human trafficking. The country oversees 187 state governments on their progress in addressing human trafficking by collecting relevant information from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the consulates and embassies around the globe, the United Nations Children’s Fund, and media reports. In the period of 2012 until 2017, the TIP reports highlighted that the Malaysian government did not manage to protect the trafficking victims effectively. As a result, Malaysia is not included among the Tier 1 countries and it has to ensure strict compliance with Section 108 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act. The protection of victims in Malaysia is entrusted to a number of stakeholders, namely five enforcement bodies led by the Royal Malaysian Police. This paper examined the protection provided to the human trafficking victims by these enforcement bodies. The findings revealed that the enforcement bodies comply with the guidelines and legal framework in Malaysia, despite the claim that they provide inadequate protection. As a recommendation, Malaysia may reflect on the efforts undertaken by the Australian government to protect victims in their country. This approach is anticipated to catapult Malaysia into the Tier 1 ranking in TIP by the year 2020.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7471/63782
Uncontrolled Keywords: Trafficking in persons; TIP; Human trafficking Protection Enforcement Malaysia.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
K Law > K Law (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws > Department of Legal Practice
Depositing User: Zuraini Ab Hamid
Date Deposited: 21 May 2018 10:35
Last Modified: 21 May 2018 10:35
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/63782

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