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Chitosan isolated from horseshoe crab tachypleus gigas from the Malay Peninsula

Kassim, Zaleha and Wan Murni, Wan Nurul Akmal and Md Razak, Mohd Razali and Wan Omar, Wan Sayzzawani and Adam, Sakinah Begum (2018) Chitosan isolated from horseshoe crab tachypleus gigas from the Malay Peninsula. Oriental Journal of Chemistry, 34 (2). pp. 928-933. ISSN 0970-020X

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Abstract

Chitosan that was isolated from horseshoe crabs, Tachypleus gigas, for this study were from estuary area in Balok Pahang (East coast) and Muar Johor (West coast) of the Malay Peninsula. The isolation of chitosan was carried out by chemical processes involving deproteinization, demineralization and deacetylation. Physicochemical properties and antibacterial activity were analysed to determine its potential commercialization. The degree of deacetylation (DD) was higher for samples from Balok than Muar (42.4% and 35.2% respectively), but lesser than the commercial grade. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) in the physicochemical properties but obviously they had lesser moist (1.11±0.22 - 1.25±0.13%), higher ash content (1.99±0.06 - 2.37±0.07%), and low in its solubility (58.00±9.63 - 61.70±1.35%) as well as viscosity (52.52±5.38 - 64.37±4.73 cP) if compared with commercial chitosan. Chitosan from both field sites also showed great antibacterial activities which concentration dependent against Staphylococcus aureus and Eschericia coli.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7204/63644
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chitin and chitosan, Horseshoe crab, Physicochemical and Antibacterial properties
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QL Zoology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Science
Depositing User: Associate Prof. Dr. Zaleha Kassim
Date Deposited: 16 May 2018 15:07
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2018 12:17
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/63644

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