IIUM Repository (IREP)

Identification and comparison of volatile aroma constituents of Salacca zalacca (Gaertn.) voss extracted by steam distillation, solvent extraction and supercritical fluid extraction methods

Hilmi, Nur Nadhirah and Rahman, Mohd Mokhlesur and Sarker, Md. Zaidul Islam and Mat So'ad, Siti Zaiton (2018) Identification and comparison of volatile aroma constituents of Salacca zalacca (Gaertn.) voss extracted by steam distillation, solvent extraction and supercritical fluid extraction methods. In: 34th International Conference on Natural Products (ICNP 2018), 19th-21st March 2018, Bayview Beach Resort, Pulau Pinang. (Unpublished)

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (2MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Salacca zalacca (Gaertn.) Voss (salak fruit or snake fruit) is a species of palm tree native to Southwest Java and North Sumatra in Indonesia. It is known as one of the exotic fruits in Malaysia. It has a reddish-brown scaly skin with pleasant pineapple, pear and banana-like aromas. Due to its pleasant aroma, S. zalacca has potential in perfumery and pharmaceutical industries. The volatile aromas of plants are usually extracted by conventional extraction methods such as steam distillation and solvent extraction methods. These methods are laborious, have incomplete extraction process, require long extraction time, and produced a lot of toxic chemical wastes. New extraction technique introduced by the researcher to overcome these limitations is supercritical carbon dioxide extraction method (SC-CO2). This technique is available to extract the volatile aroma of the plants. It is rapidly gaining attention due to its superior benefits compared to the conventional extraction methods. It is considered as a green extraction technique because it is renewable, produces little to no toxic wastes and has short extraction time. In this study, S. zalacca were extracted by steam distillation, solvent extraction and SC-CO2. Steam distillation was not a suitable extraction method for S. zalacca as it produced inorganic compound. The percentage yields of SC-CO2 samples were higher (10 MPa, 30 oC: 0.2704 %; 25 MPa, 50 oC: 0.3634 %; 40 MPa, 70 oC: 0.2635 %) than the hexane (0.0511 %) and dichloromethane (0.1358 %) extractions but lower than the diethyl ether (0.5692 %) solvent extraction. SFE has shorter extraction time and produced little chemical waste compared to solvent extraction methods. GC-MS analysis of the extracts from both extraction methods should be conducted to identify and compare the volatile aroma constituents present in solvent extraction extracts and SFE extracts.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech/Talk)
Additional Information: 6605/63163
Uncontrolled Keywords: supercritical carbon dioxide, steam distillation, solvent extraction, volatile aroma
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Depositing User: Dr. Siti Zaiton Mat So'ad
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2018 16:32
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2018 16:32
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/63163

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year