IIUM Repository (IREP)

Food inflation: A study on key determinants and price transmission processes for Malaysia

Norazman, Umi Zakiah and Khalid, Haniza and Mat Ghani, Gairuzazmi (2018) Food inflation: A study on key determinants and price transmission processes for Malaysia. International Journal of Business and Society, 19 (1). pp. 117-138. ISSN 1511-6670

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (848kB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF (Scopus) - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (309kB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF (WoS) - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (566kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

In Malaysia, food price inflation reached its highest level at 8.8% in mid-2008 compared to overall inflation of 5.5% for the same period, mainly blamed on the spike in world commodity prices. However, recent moves by the government to rationalize food and energy subsidies have also led to higher than normal headline inflation figures and cause public concern. This study investigates the supply-side determinants of food price through a price transmission perspective. Horizontal price transmission channel relates to how trade, transportation cost, exchange rates and distances between geographical areas affect producer prices. On the other hand, vertical price transmission relates to how price changes throughout the domestic supply chain to reflect food processing and distribution costs. A vector error correction model (VECM) using monthly data from 1991 to 2013 confirms that world food commodity prices and real effective exchange rate are the primary determinants of food prices in Malaysia; whereas changes in the vertical transmission channel may have been muted by government price controls and subsidy programs or the industry’s organization. Given that world commodity price is likely to be more uncertain in the near future, understanding the dynamics of these shocks and price transmission processes will be important for future policy enhancements.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3350/63001
Uncontrolled Keywords: Commodity Prices, Food Price Inflation, Price Transmission Channels
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory > HB221 Price
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory > HB522 Income. Factor shares.Interest.Profit.Entrepreneurship
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Economics
Depositing User: Dr. Haniza Khalid
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2018 16:04
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2018 10:16
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/63001

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year