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Image quality enhancement by reducing scattered gamma photons with a flat sheet of Zinc 0.35 mm thick material filter in Tc-99m SPECT

Sayed, Inayatullah Shah and Ramli, Rose Amini (2018) Image quality enhancement by reducing scattered gamma photons with a flat sheet of Zinc 0.35 mm thick material filter in Tc-99m SPECT. In: 4th IEEE International Conference on Engineering Technologies and Applied Sciences (ICETAS), 29 November-1 December 2017, Salmabad, Bahrain.

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One of the limitations of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is the presence of signals of noise in image data which degrade image quality. There are different sources of noise and one of them is the detection of scattered gamma photons in the SPECT projection data. Therefore, Zinc (Zn) material filter of 0.35mm thickness was used to preferentially absorb scattered gamma photons from reaching the detector of gamma camera. SPECT data were acquired by using Phillips ADAC Forte dual head gamma camera with and without material filter. Standard energy window (20%) centered at 140 keV over the photopeak of Tc-99m was adjusted. For data acquisition 128×128 matrix was selected. The Tc-99m radioactivity of 22.5 mCi was injected into the Carlson’s phantom. An insert placed into the phantom consisting of various sizes of hot regions was scanned. Material filter was installed on the outer surface of the collimator of gamma camera. Images were reconstructed by using filtered back projection method. Butterworth filter of cut-off frequency 0.35 cycle/cm and order 5 was chosen. Chang’s attenuation correction on the data was applied. Hot region images were analyzed in terms of contour/visual, hot regions detectability, contrast and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Results of our work show enhancement in the detectability and contrast of smaller hot regions with material filter. Increase in SNR of both large and small size hot regions with material filter as compared to without material filter. It is concluded that, material filter technique can assist clinicians in making correct decisions in detecting smaller hot lesions in Tc-99m clinical SPECT. However, more studies are required to validate its utility by scanning organ phantoms. Index Terms – Scatter Correction, SPECT, Material Filter, Image Quality.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 6128/62801
Uncontrolled Keywords: Scatter Correction, SPECT, Material Filter, Image Quality
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Radiotherapy
Depositing User: Dr Inayatullah Shah Sayed
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2018 09:08
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2019 10:57
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/62801

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