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Coupling thermal mass and water systems as urban passive design in hot climates

Jahn Kassim, Puteri Shireen and Abdul Latip, Nurul Syala and Mohd Fauzi, Mustaffa Kamal Bashar (2017) Coupling thermal mass and water systems as urban passive design in hot climates. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12 (16). pp. 4786-4790. ISSN 1819-6608

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Abstract

The impact of water in buildings is studied as a combination of vertical walls and horizontal pools that creates a combined passive cooling system for public spaces in hot climates. The paper draws from traditional water-based systems principles and forms in Mughal architecture, with the aim of studying its thermal cooling impact using CFD. Due to rapid urbanization in cities, there is a heightened demand for cool, dry comfort yet energy use can be saved by focusing on the cooling of workplace spaces while public areas are naturally cooled to reduce the carbon lock-in effects of cities. Selected sections of 16th and 17th century Mughal complexes are analysed in terms of its combination of both thermal mass (thick, high density walls), water pools, water walls and channels. The study initially looks at water to ground ratios of different Mughal gardens and enclosed courtyards, the overall integration of pools, channels, and water walls in past forms. More importantly, it analyses the impact of the coupling of thermal mass and water elements in a passive system within an infrastructure to achieve almost zero reliance of non-renewable energy for its public areas.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2521/62794
Uncontrolled Keywords: Urban water strategies, passive cooling, water infrastructure, sustainable low energy cities, thermal mass.
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA164 Bioengineering
T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Applied Arts and Design
Depositing User: Dr puteri shireen jahnkassim
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2018 10:26
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2018 14:43
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/62794

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