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Phytoconstituents from Vernonia glaberrima Welw. Ex O. Hoffm. leaves and their cytotoxic activities on a panel of human cancer cell lines

Alhassan, A. M. and Ahmed, Qamar Uddin and Latip, Jalifah and Shah, Syed Adnan Ali and Khan, A'a Y.F. and Sarian, Murni Nazira and Abdul Wahab, Ridhwan and Bakhtiar, M. Taher and Abdullahi, Musa I. and Khatib, Alfi (2018) Phytoconstituents from Vernonia glaberrima Welw. Ex O. Hoffm. leaves and their cytotoxic activities on a panel of human cancer cell lines. South African Journal of Botany, 116. pp. 16-24. ISSN 0254-6299

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Vernonia glaberrima is a medicinal plant that is used in African traditional medicine for the treatment of skin cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the anticancer activity of V. glaberrima leaves and isolate its bioactive constituents. Crude methanolic leaves extract of V. glaberrima showing significant cytotoxic activity against cancer cell lines was subjected to chromatographic separation, purification and hydrolysis to yield four compounds namely, nonacosanoic acid, lupeol, 5-methylcoumarin-4-β-glucoside and 4-hydroxy-5-methylcoumarin. Three of the isolated compounds showed significant cytotoxic activity against human malignant melanoma (A375) cell line (IC50: 59.18 ± 2.70 to 139.53 ± 10.79 μg/mL) and human caucasian colon adenocarcinoma (HT-29) cell line (IC50: 4.22 ± 0.13 to 20.0 ± 1.91 μg/mL) while only lupeol displayed significant activity against human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF7) (IC50: 34.15 ± 2.32 μg/mL) cell line. CDK2 receptor and CAIX were identified through molecular docking as potential targets for the bioactive compounds. The findings of this study have revealed the therapeutic potential of V. glaberrima against breast cancer, skin cancer and colorectal carcinoma, respectively and further support its traditional uses in the treatment of skin cancer. Keywords: Vernonia glaberrima; Anticancer activity; 5-Methylcoumarin-4-β-glucoside; Molecular docking; Carbonic anhydrase IX

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4921/62510
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vernonia glaberrima, Anticancer activity, 5-Methylcoumarin-4-β-glucoside, Molecular docking, Carbonic anhydrase IX
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr Qamar Uddin Ahmed
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2018 16:49
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2018 16:15
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/62510

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