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Microbial surface tensio-active compounds: Production and industrial application perspectives: A review

Mir, Shajrat and Jamal, Parveen and Alam, Md. Zahangir and Mir, Aarif Bashir and Ansari, Abdul Haseeb (2017) Microbial surface tensio-active compounds: Production and industrial application perspectives: A review. International Journal of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 3 (8). pp. 273-292. ISSN 2475-3432

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Biosurfactants are surface active agents produced naturally by a wide variety of microorganisms, which include different strains of bacteria, fungi and yeast. Biosurfactants, also known as microbial surfactants, are amphiphilic compounds. It is the amphiphilic nature of biosurfactants that makes them excellent foaming, emulsifying and dispersing agents. The .0surfactants or biosurfactants increase the surface area of the water-insoluble hydrophobic entities. They are surpassing their chemical counterparts. This can be attributed to diversity, high biodegradability, less toxicity, greater stability and ecological acceptance of biosurfactants in comparison with the chemically prepared surfactants. However, currently, production of biosurfactants is a very expensive process mainly because of the costly synthetic media required by the microorganisms to survive and grow. Therefore, much stress is being put on augmenting researching on cheap or cost free and nutrient rich renewable wastes to be used as substrates for various microbes to grow and produce biosurfactants. Research for new strains with high productivity is a challenge for the widespread application of microbial surfactants. This review focuses on the extensive evaluation of biosurfactants and their application on commercial scale.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2937/62202
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biosurfactant; Biodegradability; Production; Agro-industrial wastes; Microorganism; Fermentation; Bioremediation; Antimicrobial and Ant adhesive Applications; Amphiphilic nature; CO2Mitigation; Future trends
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Prof.Dr. Parveen Jamal
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2018 16:29
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2018 16:29
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/62202

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