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Advancement in the utilization of biomass-derived heterogeneous catalysts in biodiesel production

Mohammed, Nurudeen Ishola and Kabbashi, Nassereldeen Ahmed and Olanrewaju Alade, Abass and Sulaiman, Sarina (2018) Advancement in the utilization of biomass-derived heterogeneous catalysts in biodiesel production. Green and Sustainable Chemistry, 8 (1). pp. 74-91. ISSN 2160-6951 E-ISSN 2160-696X

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Solid oxide catalysts derived from various renewable sources have produced significant yield of methyl esters of enhanced purity. These materials are sourced for due to their advantages ranging from low cost, recoverability and reusability, environmental benign-ness, thermal stability and high quality product generation. For a possible greener production process, many researchers in literature reported the use of biomass-derived heterogeneous catalyst in biodiesel synthesis producing high quality pure product. The catalysts were majorly modified through simple physical cost effective and energy saving operations. This paper explores some of these bio-based heterogeneous catalyst used in biodiesel production via transesterification and esterification approach and their performance in FAME yield and conversion. The feedstock consideration which warrant the route selection, various approaches that are adopted in biodiesel production, performance of renewable heterogeneous catalyst and the measures that were adopted to enhance efficiency of the catalyst were considerably highlighted. It is observed that the prospects of organic-based solid catalyst in biodiesel development is a promising enterprise compared to the conventional methods utilizing homogeneous chemical catalyst, which generates wastewater requiring treatment before disposal and generates product that may cause engine malfunction. This review work aimed at providing detailed and up-to-date record of the trend in renewable catalyst development in biodiesel synthesis. This is expected to inform a suitable selection and reaction conditions in the development of biodiesel from the very many feed stocks.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4286/61960
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel, Feed Stocks, Catalysis, Catalyst Performance, Biomass-Derived Catalysts
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Nassereldeen Kabbashi
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2018 15:47
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2018 15:47
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/61960

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