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Patterns of statin therapy prescribing among hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in two Malaysian tertiary hospitals

Elnaem, Mohamed Hassan and Nik Mohamed, Mohamad Haniki and Huri, Hasniza Zaman and Mohd Shah, Azarisman Shah (2017) Patterns of statin therapy prescribing among hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in two Malaysian tertiary hospitals. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 16 (12). pp. 3005-3011. ISSN 1596-5996 E-ISSN 1596-9827

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Abstract

Purpose: To assess the patterns of statin therapy prescribing among hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in two Malaysian tertiary healthcare institutions and to determine compliance with Malaysian treatment guidelines. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from September to December 2016. The study involved hospitalized T2DM patients aged between 40 to 75 years recruited from the medical wards of two tertiary hospitals in the state of Pahang, Malaysia. Evaluation of statin prescribing was classified as appropriate (statin therapy was prescribed with no concurrent drug interactions) or inappropriate (not receiving any statins, although no contraindications), or potentially inappropriate (drug interactions detected or renal dose adjustment needed). Results: Among the 393 medical records screened, 65 % had a statin therapy prescription. The evaluation of statins prescribing showed that approximately 35 % of patients were not prescribed statins, contrary to national treatment guidelines. Twenty-six percent of the study cases were given drugs that interacted with statins. Renal dose adjustment of the given statin was needed in 5 % of patients. Finally, only one-third of the patients were prescribed appropriate statin doses. Conclusion: A significant portion of T2DM hospitalized patients did not receive their recommended statin therapy for cardiovascular disease prophylaxis. Closer monitoring and further dose adjustments are warranted to optimize statin therapy prescribing. Further interventions to improve statin prescribing should be considered.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7472/61043
Uncontrolled Keywords: Statin therapy, Prescribing patterns, Cardiovascular diseases, Type 2 diabetes
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM283 Endocrinotheraphy
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: Dr Mohamed Elnaem
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2018 08:52
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2018 17:39
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/61034

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