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Photo activated bacterial DNA-binding active Rutaceous alkaloids from Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC. and Ruta angustifolia (L.) Pers.

Md Taib, Nurhaya and Mohd Kamal, Laina Zarisa and Mohd Hassan, Norazian and Khin Soe, May (2017) Photo activated bacterial DNA-binding active Rutaceous alkaloids from Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC. and Ruta angustifolia (L.) Pers. In: International Malaysian-French Scientific Conference (IMFSC 2017), 18-19 Dec 2017, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. (Unpublished)

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Arborine, a quinazoline and graveoline, a 4-quinolone are the antimicrobial active Rutaceous alkaloids isolated from Glycosmis pentaphylla and Ruta angustifolia, respectively. Both alkaloids possess chromophore with a few structural similarities with the pharmacophore of 4-quinolone antimicrobial agent. Their bacterial DNA-binding activity was assessed by photo activated DNA binding assay and agarose gel electrophoresis. Ten different restriction enzymes which recognise and cleave DNA in a sequence-specific manner were competed by the alkaloids. The DNA binding activity was detected as inhibition of the enzymatic restriction resulting in the detection of uncleaved DNA fragments of the original size. Arborine showed inhibitory activity against the restriction enzymes EcoR I, Pae I and Dra I with the highest intensity of inhibition for Dra I which have 5’-TpA sequence. Graveoline was active against EcoR I, Dra I and Pst I. Ciprofloxacin, the second generation of quinolone antimicrobial agent only the inhibitor of Kpn I and Pst I. The photo activated bacterial DNA-binding activity was in the sequence of arborine>graveoline>ciprofloxacin. This finding revealed the potential of arborine and graveoline as lead compounds for future development of quinolone antimicrobial agents in resolving the antibiotic resistance cases which are globally common nowadays in clinical setting.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 4171/60902
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arborine, Graveoline, Photo activated, Antibacterial, DNA-binding
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > RS403 Materia Medica-Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr. Norazian Mohd Hassan
Date Deposited: 01 Jan 2018 16:41
Last Modified: 01 Jan 2018 16:41
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/60902

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