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Ultra-Morphological Changes of Trichophyton Rubrum Treated with Hydroxychavicol

Ridzuan, P. M. and Mohamad, Nasir and Ismail, Salwani and A. Rahman, Nor Iza and Sanusi, N. A. and Umar, Rabiatul Adawiyah and Hamzah, Hairul Aini and Buyong, Zunariah and Mohd Hassan, Norazian and Baharudin, Roesnita (2017) Ultra-Morphological Changes of Trichophyton Rubrum Treated with Hydroxychavicol. International Medical Journal Malaysia, 16 (2). pp. 65-71. ISSN 1823-4631 E-ISSN 1823-4631

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Trichophyton rubrum is a common pathogenic fungal species that is responsible for causing infection on human skin, hair and nail. The antifungal-resistant strains complicate the treatment regime. Hydroxychavicol (HC) is one of the main compounds from Piper betel leaf that have antifungal potential and its mechanism of action has not been studied yet. The objective of this preliminary study to determine the antifungal properties of HC against T. rubrum using transmission electron microscope (TEM) on gross and ultrastructure of T. rubrum hypha. T. rubrum was treated with HC and miconazole (MI) at concentrations of 1.25, 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/mL for 1, 3, 5 and 7 days continuously. Generally, fungi structures became more severely damaged at increasing treatment duration. Microscopically, the fungi’s cell wall treated with HC showed a rough surface, shrinkage and demolition similar to the MI treated group. The fungi organelles were also demolished and disorganized. This study revealed that HC has the ability to inhibit T. rubrum growth and has potential to be an antifungal agent for skin infections.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5342/60896
Uncontrolled Keywords: Piper betel, Trichophyton rubrum, hydroxychavicol, miconazole, antifungal
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr. Norazian Mohd Hassan
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2017 12:12
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2018 19:24
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/60896

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