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Ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis: a novel parasternal approach

Osman, Adi and Tan, Wan Chuan and Ab Rahman, Jamalludin and Via, Gabriele and Tavazzi, Guido (2018) Ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis: a novel parasternal approach. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 25 (5). pp. 322-327. ISSN 0969-9546

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The aim of this study was to evaluate a novel pericardiocentesis technique using an in-plane parasternal medial-to-lateral approach with the use of a high-frequency probe in patients with cardiac tamponade. Background Echocardiography is pivotal in the diagnosis of pericardial effusion and tamponade physiology. Ultrasound guidance for pericardiocentesis is currently considered the standard of care. Several approaches have been described recently, which differ mainly on the site of puncture (subxiphoid, apical, or parasternal). Although they share the use of low-frequency probes, there is absence of complete control of needle trajectory and real-time needle visualization. An in-plane and real-time technique has only been described anecdotally. Methods and results A retrospective analysis of 11 patients (63% men, mean age: 37.7 ± 21.2 years) presenting with cardiac tamponade admitted to the tertiary-care emergency department and treated with parasternal medial-to-lateral in-plane pericardiocentesis was carried out. The underlying causes of cardiac tamponade were different among the population. All the pericardiocentesis were successfully performed in the emergency department, without complications, relieving the hemodynamic instability. The mean time taken to perform the eight-step procedure was 309± 76.4 s, with no procedure-related complications. Conclusion: The parasternal medial-to-lateral in-plane pericardiocentesis is a new technique theoretically free of complications and it enables real-time monitoring of needle trajectory. For the first time, a pericardiocentesis approach with a medial-to-lateral needle trajectory and real-time, inplane, needle visualization was performed in a tamponade patient population.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3297/60379
Uncontrolled Keywords: cardiac tamponade, focused cardiac ultrasound, pericardiocentesis, point of care ultrasound, procedural guidance,ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC82 Medical Emergencies, Critical Care, Intensive Care, First Aid
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Depositing User: nur hakimah a manan
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2017 08:19
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2019 18:45
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/60379

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